Monday, 27 May 2024

Textile Details

'Toma de terrenos en los barrios de Lima / Squatters in the shantytowns of Lima', by LC, Mujeres Creativas Workshop. (Photo: Martin Melaugh)
'Toma de terrenos en los barrios de Lima / Squatters in the shantytowns of Lima', by LC, Mujeres Creativas Workshop. (Photo: Martin Melaugh)


Title of Textile:Toma de terrenos en los barrios de Lima / Squatters in the shantytowns of Lima
Maker: LC, Mujeres Creativas Workshop
Country of Origin: Peru
Year Produced: 2008
Size (cm): 48cm x 43cm
Materials: Scraps of material hand sewn onto burlap
Type of Textile: Arpillera

This piece, a replica of the original arpillera, was made by the Mujeres Creativas Workshop in 1986. It portrays the arrival of families of displaced people in one of Lima's shantytowns. The poverty of their temporary homes is apparent from the wooden planks they are unloading from trucks. The instability of their lives is evoked by the figures of the women standing guard to resist the police from coming and wrecking the houses. This arpillera depicts the isolation and poverty of those displaced by the war and their tenuous link to a kind of peaceful normality.

Over 600,000 people were displaced within Peru during the 1980s and 1990s as a result of armed conflict between the government, self defence groups and insurgent forces of the Shining Path and the Tupac Amaru Resistance Movement.

Presently, the urban slums on the outskirts of Lima are home to some 200,000 internally displaced peoples (IDPs). Although the majority of them came to Lima in the 1990s, they live in the same makeshift shacks, constructed upon their arrival, that we see in this arpillera. The majority of IDPs endure constant hardship; they work on average more than 14 hours a day in informal street trade and temporary work to make ends meet.

A 2004 law on internal displacement helped to protect IDP's rights, as it incorporated the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and created a division within the Ministry of Women and Social Development (MIMDES) to coordinate the response to internal displacement. This body has improved the situation of some IDPs by starting to register them for eventual reparations, and implementing some livelihood support programs. However, during 2010 the number of people registered remained at only 5,000. (Whyte, David, September 2009) Displacement, decentralisation and reparation in post-conflict Peru in "Forced Migration Review".

Whilst rooted in 1980s Peru, the displacement issue stitched by these arpilleristas has current resonance. As 2020 drew to a close, 82.4 million people worldwide were displaced. UNHCR: Figures at a Glance

Owner: Conflict Textiles collection
Location: Conflict Textiles store
Original / Replica: Replica
Photographer: Martin Melaugh
Provenance: Acquisition by Roberta Bacic 2009

Textile exhibited at: Stitching Peace: An exhibition of Arpilleras and Quilts, 16/02/2011 - 18/03/2011
Stitching Peace: An exhibition of arpilleras and quilts, 17/05/2011 - 25/05/2011
Transforming threads of resistance, 27/02/2012 - 9/03/2012
Stitching and Unstitching The Troubles-phase 1, 5/09/2012 - 29/09/2012
Stitching and Unstitching The Troubles-phase 2, 13/04/2013 - 29/06/2013
Arpilleras in contested spaces, 3/09/2013 - 6/09/2013
RETAZOS TESTIMONIALES: arpilleras de Chile y otras latitudes, 28/09/2013 - 10/11/2013
Stitching and Unstitching The Troubles II, 6/12/2013 - 22/02/2014
COSIENDO PAZ: Conflicto, Arpilleras, Memoria , 26/03/2015 - 30/09/2015
COSIENDO PAZ: Conflicto, Arpilleras, Memoria, 8/10/2015 - 4/04/2016
COSIENDO PAZ: Conflicto, Arpilleras, Memoria , 13/04/2016 - 12/06/2016
Arpilerak: Memoriaren Haritik Etorkizuna Josten / Arpilleras: Al Hilo De La Memoria, 12/04/2018 - 24/04/2018
ARIPILLERAS: AL HILO DE LA MEMORIA, TEJIENDO FUTURO / Arpilleras: Knitting the Future, 25/04/2018 - 30/05/2018
Justicia Transicional y Arte-Textil / Transitional Justice and Art-Textile, 24/09/2018 - 18/10/2018
Suitcases: Telling Textile Travels /Maletas: Contando Viajes Textiles, 1/10/2021 - 7/11/2021

Textile Detail Image(s)