Wednesday, 3 June 2020
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  • Textile Details

    'No al plebiscito, No podemos ni opinar/ No to the plebiscite, we are not allowed our opinion', Anonymous. (Photo: Martin Melaugh)
    'No al plebiscito, No podemos ni opinar/ No to the plebiscite, we are not allowed our opinion', Anonymous. (Photo: Martin Melaugh)

     

    Title of Textile:No al plebiscito, No podemos ni opinar / No to the plebiscite, we are not allowed our opinion
    Maker: Anonymous
    Country of Origin: Chile
    Year Produced: 1980
    Size (cm): 47cm x 38cm
    Materials: Scraps of material handsewn onto burlap
    Type of Textile: Arpillera
    Description:

    This arpillera was acquired by curator Roberta Bacic in Germany, 2009, from a retired crafts teacher who had received it is as a present 27 years earlier. For Roberta this arpillera is unique: "It is a very striking image that recalls a political momentum which I have not seen recorded before in the arpilleras literature."

    In 1973, when the military dictatorship, headed by General Pinochet, deposed the democratically elected President, Salvador Allende, Chile was ushered into a state of emergency. In 1980, General Pinochet ordered a new Constitution which was to be ratified by a referendum, known as the National Plebiscite. Government propaganda urged that a yes vote would bring about full democracy. While many people were not fooled by this propaganda, a significant number of influential people often argued that having a constitution was preferable to continuing under the state of emergency, which had already lasted seven years.

    The scene in the arpillera vividly describes what happened to people who opposed the plebiscite. They were confronted with violence by the police, arrested and cruelly beaten. Nonetheless, almost a third of the Chilean electorate still voted NO in this referendum held on 11 September, 1980. Although defeated, grassroots people continued to publicly oppose the repressive regime. Facing great personal risk, they persevered in their collective struggle for democracy, a struggle which bore fruit in 1989, when General Pinochet renounced office, marking the end of his 16½ year military rule.

    Owner: Conflict Textiles collection
    Location: Roberta Bacic, Northern Ireland
    Original / Replica: Original
    Photographer: Martin Melaugh



    Textile exhibited at: Finding Our Voices -The Power of Arpilleras, 26/09/2009 - 30/10/2009
    Threads of Life: Quilts and arpilleras that speak out, 16/10/2009 - 1/11/2009
    Stitching Resistance, 12/10/2010 - 16/01/2011
    Arpilleras e resistência política no Chile , 30/07/2011 - 30/10/2011
    Arpilleras of Chilean political resistance , 22/03/2012 - 5/06/2012
    Stitching and Unstitching The Troubles-phase 1, 5/09/2012 - 29/09/2012
    Arpilleras in contested spaces, 3/09/2013 - 6/09/2013
    RETAZOS TESTIMONIALES: arpilleras de Chile y otras latitudes, 28/09/2013 - 10/11/2013
    COSIENDO PAZ: Conflicto, Arpilleras, Memoria , 26/03/2015 - 30/09/2015
    COSIENDO PAZ: Conflicto, Arpilleras, Memoria, 8/10/2015 - 4/04/2016
    COSIENDO PAZ: Conflicto, Arpilleras, Memoria STITCHING PEACE: Conflict, Arpilleras, M, 13/04/2016 - 12/06/2016
    Textile Language of Conflicts, 6/11/2017 - 10/11/2017
    Arpilerak: Memoriaren Haritik Etorkizuna Josten / Arpilleras: Al Hilo De La Memoria, 12/04/2018 - 24/04/2018
    ARIPILLERAS: AL HILO DE LA MEMORIA, TEJIENDO FUTURO / Arpilleras: Knitting the Future, 25/04/2018 - 30/05/2018
    Threads, War and Conflict, 3/04/2019 - 29/04/2019
    Chile 1973 , 22/02/2020 - 22/02/2020



    Textile Detail Image(s)