Saturday, 30 September 2023

Textile Details

'Baile puneño / Puno folk dance', Anonymous. (Photo: Colin Peck)
'Baile puneño / Puno folk dance', Anonymous. (Photo: Colin Peck)


Title of Textile:Baile Puneño / Puno Folk Dance
Maker: Anonymous
Country of Origin: Peru
Year Produced: 1980c
Size (cm): 50cm (w) x 41cm (l)
Materials: Scraps of material hand sewn onto burlap
Type of Textile: Arpillera

This arpillera was made in one of the well known workshops of Lima. It was brought back to England about 20 years ago. Roberta Bacic, curator of many arpillera exhibitions, found it at the house of a librarian friend in Cambridge in October 2008. In this arpillera, we are shown the traditional folk dance Baile Puneño which is danced in Puno and other places around the country.

The city of Puno is located in the southeast corner of Peru, on the shores of the magnificent Lake Titicaca and only 126km from the border with Bolivia. At an altitude of 3,827m, Puno is a melting pot of Indian cultures, including the Aymara from the south and the Quechua from the north. This has earned Puno the title of Folklore Capital of Peru, famous for its huge number and variety of traditional fiestas, dances and music.

The scene is focused on the dancers who are wearing festival clothes and hats, similar to those worn in Bolivia. Baile Puneño is danced at the time of the La Candelaria festivities, a religious Catholic celebration marked by carnival. The couples dance in pairs on stage or in a specially prepared arena reserved for dancers and players. Everyone else stands behind a fence, watching and cheering on the performers.

Indigenous people in Peru, as well as many other Peruvians, keep their traditions alive as a way of strengthening community bonds and asserting their identity, an identity often threatened by state policies of repression.

Estimates of the number of indigenous Peruvians vary widely. Out of a national population of 29 million, an estimated 31% (8.7 million) are indigenous, according to Peru’s Commission for Truth and Reconciliation. Many of these indigenous communities, are involved in an ongoing struggle to protect their natural resources in the face of increasing pressure by industry and government to penetrate the remote areas in their quest for yet more energy resources. During 17 days of protests in the southern region of Arequipa early 2011, hundreds were injured and three people died as police opened fire on locals trying to stop Southern Peru Copper Corporation opening a new mine. In the end, the protestors won and the government, which had approved the scheme, withdrew permission.

Owner: Conflict Textiles collection. Provenance Julie Coimbra, England
Location: Fundació Ateneu Sant Roc (Badalona)
Original / Replica: Original
Photographer: Colin Peck

Textile exhibited at: Peruvian Arpilleras that tell a story, cry out, challenge and question, 7/02/2009 - 6/04/2009
Arpilleras that Cry Out, 22/06/2009 - 10/07/2009
Finding Our Voices -The Power of Arpilleras, 26/09/2009 - 30/10/2009
Threads of Life: Quilts and arpilleras that speak out, 16/10/2009 - 1/11/2009
Cultural Stories in Textiles, 25/02/2010 - 27/02/2010
Stitching Peace: An exhibition of Arpilleras and Quilts, 16/02/2011 - 18/03/2011
Stitching Peace: An exhibition of arpilleras and quilts, 17/05/2011 - 25/05/2011
Transforming threads of resistance, 27/02/2012 - 9/03/2012
Textile Voices From Our City: 2013 & Story Textiles From Around The world , 3/08/2013 - 9/10/2013
Arpilleras: Verhalen over leven / Arpilleras: stories of life and survival, 23/09/2015 - 20/11/2015
ARPILLERAS: verhalen over leven ARPILLERAS: stories of life and survival, 16/01/2016 - 24/02/2016
Enduring Life: Arpillera Voices, 11/05/2016 - 15/07/2016

Textile Detail Image(s)